Dengue Fever

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Dengue Fever

Dengue fever is a mosquito-borne viral disease occurring in tropical and subtropical areas transmitted by mosquitoes, and causing sudden fever and acute pains in the joints.


Dngue fever is caused by any one of four types of dengue virus serotypes: DENVs 1–4. It is a mosquito-borne disease and is primarily transmitted to humans by the female Aedes mosquito.

Risk factors

πŸ“Œ A neonate or young child.

πŸ“Œ Female sex.

πŸ“Œ High body mass index.

πŸ“Œ Viral load.

πŸ“Œ Genetic polymorphisms.

πŸ“Œ Previous infection with DENV-1 if the patient contracts DENV-2 or DENV-3.

πŸ“Œ Diabetes and Asthma are risk factors for fatal disease.

Organs Affected

The dengue virus infects more cells, including those in the lymph nodes and bone marrow, macrophages in both the spleen and liver, and monocytes in the blood.

Incubation Period

Symptoms usually last for 2–7 days, after an incubation period of 4–10 days after the bite from an infected mosquito.

Method Of Transmission

Through Mosquito Bites, Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with a dengue virus. The mosquito becomes infected when it bites a person with dengue virus in their blood. It can’t be spread directly from one person to another person.

Role Of Nurses / Nursing Students’ In Prevention Of Dengue Fever

Thus Nurses / Nursing Students’ play an important part in providing healthcare services in both the community and in hospitals.

Regard to dengue fever, they play part in the health assessment, diagnosis, care, basic treatment and referral of dengue patients. Providers of primary care are involved in dengue management for the community.

Remember, you can’t get dengue fever from being around an infected person. Instead, dengue fever is spread through mosquito bites. The two types of mosquitoes that most often spread the dengue viruses are common both in and around human lodgings.



Nr. Gemaliura Emmanuel


University of Maiduguri

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